Tables for Finding Holy Days

Tables and Rules for Finding the Date of Easter Day

Rules for Finding the Date of Easter Day

Easter Day is always the Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or after the spring equinox on March 21, a date which is fixed in accordance with an ancient ecclesiastical computation, and which does not always correspond to the astronomical equinox. This full moon may happen on any date between March 21 and April 18 inclusive. If the full moon falls on a Sunday, Easter Day is the Sunday following. But Easter Day cannot be earlier than March 22 or later than April 25.

To find the date of Easter Day in any particular year, it is necessary to have two points of reference--the Golden Number and the Sunday Letter for that year.

1. The Golden Number indicates the date of the full moon on or after the spring equinox of March 21, according to a nineteen-year cycle. These Numbers are prefixed in the Calendar to the days of the month from March 22 to April 19 inclusive. In the present Calendar they are applicable from A.D. 1900 to A.D. 2099, after which they will change.

2. The Sunday Letter identifies the days of the year when Sundays occur. After every date in the Calendar a letter appears--from A to g. Thus, if January 1 is a Sunday, the Sunday Letter for the Year is A, and every date in the Calendar marked by A is a Sunday. If January 2 is a Sunday, then every date marked with b is a Sunday, and so on through the seven letters.

In Leap Years, however, the Sunday Letter changes on the first day of March. In such years, when [A] is the Sunday Letter, this applies only to Sundays in January and February, and [g] is the Sunday Letter for the rest of the year. Or if [d] is the Sunday Letter, then [c] is the Sunday Letter on and after March 1.

To Find the Golden Number

The Golden Number of any year is calculated as follows: Take the number of the year, add 1, and then divide the sum by 19. The remainder, if any, is the Golden Number. If nothing remains, then 19 is the Golden Number.

To Find the Sunday Letter

The following Table provides ready reference to the Sunday Letter of any year between A.D. 1900 and A.D. 2099. It will be found on the line of the hundredth year above the column that contains the remaining digits of the year. But in Leap Years the Letter above the number marked with an asterisk is the Sunday Letter for January and February, and the Letter over the number not so marked is the Sunday Letter for the rest of the year.

Page 881

Hundred Years:
1900
2000
b g
A
f
g
e
f
d
e
c
d
b
c
A
b
Years in
excess of
Hundreds:
00* 0001020304*04 05
060708*08091011
12*1213141516*16
17181920*202122
2324*2425262728*
2829303132*3233
343536*36373839
40*4041424344*44
45464748*484950
5152*5253545556*
5657585960*6061
626364*64656667
68*6869707172*72
73747576*767778
7980*8081828384*
8485868788*8889
909192*92939495
96*96979899  

To Find Easter Day

When one has both the Golden Number and the Sunday Letter for any particular year, then the date of Easter Day may be found in the Calendar, pages 21 and 22, as follows:

1. The Golden Number prefixed to a day in the month of March or April in the Calendar marks the date of the full moon in that year.

2. Easter Day will be the next date bearing the Sunday Letter of that year. But when the Golden Number of a given year and the Sunday Letter of that year occur on the same date, then Easter day is one week later. (For example, if the Golden Number is 19--which appears in the Calendar prefixed to March 27--and the Sunday Letter is d, then Easter Day in that year will fall on March 29. If the Golden Number is 10 and the Sunday Letter is A, then Easter Day will fall on April 9. But if the Golden Number is 19 and the Sunday Letter is b, then Easter Day will be one week later, namely April 3.)

Page 882

A Table to Find Easter Day

Golden
Number
YearEaster DayYearEaster DayYearEaster Day
1 1900April 151938April 171976* April 18
2 1901April 71939April 91977April 10
3 1902March 301940* March 241978March 26
4 1903April 121941April 131979April 15
5 1904* April 31942April 51980* April 6
6 1905April 231943April 251981April 19
7 1906April 151944* April 91982April 11
8 1907March 311945April 11983April 3
9 1908* April 191946April 211984* April 22
101909April 111947April 61985April 7
111910March 271948* March 281986March 30
121911April 161949April 171987April 19
131912* April 71950April 91988* April 3
141913March 231951March 251989March 26
151914April 121952* April 131990April 15
161915April 41953April 51991March 31
171916*April 231954April 181992* April 19
181917April 81955April 101993April 11
191918March 311956* April 11994April 3
11919April 201957April 211995April 16
21920* April 41958April 61996* April 7
31921March 271959March 291997March 30
41922April 161960* April 171998April 12
51923April 11961April 21999April 4
61924* April 201962April 222000* April 23
71925April 121963April 142001April 15
81926April 41964* March 292002March 31
91927April 171965April 182003April 20
101928* April 81966April 102004* April 11
111929March 311967March 262005March 27
121930April 201968* April 142006April 16
131931April 51969April 62007April 8
141932* March 271970March 292008* March 23
151933April 161971April 112009April 12
161934April 11972* April 22010April 4
171935April 211973April 222011April 24
181936* April 121974April 142012* April 8
191937March 281975March 302013March 31

Page 883

A Table to Find Easter Day

Golden
Number
YearEaster DayYearEaster Day
12014April 202052*April 21
22015April 52053April 6
32016* March 272054March 29
42017April 162055April 18
52018April 12056*April 2
62019April 212057April 22
72020* April 122058April 14
82021April 42059March 30
92022April 172060*April 18
102023April 92061April 10
112024* March 312062March 26
122025April 202063April 15
132026April 52064*April 6
142027March 282065March 29
152028* April 162066April 11
162029April 12067April 3
172030April 212068*April 22
182031April 132069April 14
192032* March 282070March 30
12033April 172071April 19
22034April 92072*April 10
32035March 252073March 26
42036* April 132074April 15
52037April 52075April 7
62038April 252076*April 19
72039April 102077April 11
82040* April 12078April 3
92041April 212079April 23
102042April 62080*April 7
112043March 292081March 30
122044* April 172082April 19
132045April 92083April 4
142046March 252084*March 26
152047April 142085April 15
162048* April 52086March 31
172049April 182087April 20
182050April 102088*April 11
192051April 22089April 3

** The years marked with an asterisk are Leap Years.

Page 884

A Table to Find Movable Feasts and Holy Days

Easter
Day
Sundays
after
Epiphany*
Ash
Wednesday+
Ascension
Day
PentecostNumbered
Proper of
2 Pentecost++
Advent
Sunday
March 224Feb. 4 April 30May 10 3November 29
March 234Feb. 5 May 1 May 11 3November 30
March 245Feb. 6 May 2 May 12 3December 1
March 255Feb. 7 May 3 May 13 3December 2
March 265Feb. 8 May 4 May 14 3December 3
March 275Feb. 9 May 5 May 15 4November 27
March 285Feb. 10 May 6 May 16 4November 28
March 295Feb. 11 May 7 May 17 4November 29
March 305Feb. 12 May 8 May 18 4November 30
March 315Feb. 13 May 9 May 19 4December 1
April 1 6Feb. 14 May 10 May 20 4December 2
April 2 6Feb. 15 May 11 May 21 5December 3
April 3 6Feb. 16 May 12 May 22 5November 27
April 4 6Feb. 17 May 13 May 23 5November 28
April 5 6Feb. 18 May 14 May 24 5November 29
April 6 6Feb. 19 May 15 May 25 5November 30
April 7 6Feb. 20 May 16 May 26 5December 1

* In Leap Years, the number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter Day were one day later than in the above Table.

+ In Leap Years, the date of Ash Wednesday will be one day later in the month of February than in the above Table.

++ Indicates the numbered Proper to be used on the Sunday after Trinity Sunday. Subsequently, the Propers are used consecutively.

Easter
Day
Sundays
after
Epiphany*
Ash
Wednesday+
Ascension
Day
PentecostNumbered
Proper of
2 Pentecost++
Advent
Sunday
April 87Feb. 21 May 17 May 27 5December 2
April 97Feb. 22 May 18 May 28 5December 3
April 107Feb. 23 May 19 May 29 6November 27
April 117Feb. 24 May 20 May 30 6November 28
April 127Feb. 25 May 21 May 31 6November 29
April 137Feb. 26 May 22 June 1 6November 30
April 147Feb. 27 May 23 June 2 6December 1
April 158Feb. 28 May 24 June 3 6December 2
April 168March 1 May 25 June 4 6December 3
April 178March 2 May 26 June 5 7November 27
April 188March 3 May 27 June 6 7November 28
April 198March 4 May 28 June 7 7November 29
April 208March 5 May 29 June 8 7November 30
April 218March 6 May 30 June 9 7December 1
April 229March 7 May 31 June 107December 2
April 239March 8 June 1 June 117December 3
April 249March 9 June 2 June 128November 27
April 259March 10June 3 June 138November 28

* In Leap Years, the number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter Day were one day later than in the above Table.

+ In Leap Years, the date of Ash Wednesday will be one day later in the month of February than in the above Table.

++ Indicates the numbered Proper to be used on the Sunday after Trinity Sunday. Subsequently, the Propers are used consecutively.


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